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All About Vaccinations

Vaccinations are a vital component of preventative healthcare for our pets, as they are for ourselves. Vaccinations work by encouraging the immune system to produce antibodies and immune cells against a disease which help fight off infection. Without vaccination, our pets are vulnerable to infection with serious and often life-threatening illnesses. This is becoming even more important in recent times due to a proportion of pet owners choosing not to vaccinate their pets, which is having a detrimental effect on the herd immunity of the pet population.

What is Herd Immunity?

If a sufficient proportion of individuals within a population are immune to a disease, the spread of the disease is reduced and the non-immune members of the population are protected from infection. This is the principle of herd immunity. Widespread vaccination enables us to achieve this by creating a high proportion of immune individuals within the pet population.

The same concept applies to human preventative medicine, and insufficient uptake of vaccinations in children has resulted in breakdowns of this herd immunity in humans. This has been well-publicised recently due to an increase in the number of cases of measles in the UK.

It is important for us as pet owners to keep our pets up to date with their vaccinations in order to avoid a similar situation with outbreaks of dangerous infectious diseases affecting our cats and dogs. One way in which we are helping our clients to do this is through a vaccination amnesty.

What is a Vaccination Amnesty?

Pets which are overdue for their annual booster vaccination may need to start from scratch with their vaccination program, meaning that they require a course of two vaccinations, rather than just the usual single booster.

For March only, we are offering a vaccination amnesty which makes it more affordable to get back on track, by offering this course of two vaccinations at a reduced cost*, if your pet’s vaccinations have lapsed.

If your pet is only overdue their booster by a short time, this may not be necessary – we can help check this with you when you book your appointment.

*Amnesty cost: £30 for the course of two injections (Usual cost: £63.30 for dogs; £71.95 for cats)

Vaccinations for cats

The core vaccinations we recommend for all pet cats are:

  • Feline Herpes Virus (FHV)
  • Feline Calicivirus (FCV)
  • Feline Panleukopenia Virus (FPV)

These are the viruses responsible for causing ‘cat flu’ and infectious enteritis, and are widespread in the UK cat population.

We also advise that cats are vaccinated against Feline Leukaemia Virus (FeLV) which can cause cancer in cats. This is especially important for cats that have access to the outdoors and cats that are able to mix with other cats, as this virus is mostly transmitted by cats sharing food or water bowls, sharing litter trays, mutual grooming or fighting.

In addition to these vaccinations, we also offer optional vaccination against:

  • Feline Chlamydia (Chlamydophila felis), a bacterial infection which causes conjunctivitis and respiratory disease, particularly in colonies of cats or breeding groups.
  • Rabies, for cats that require a pet passport and/or are travelling outside of the UK.

Vaccinations for dogs

Our recommended core vaccinations for dogs include:

  • Canine Parvovirus
  • Distemper
  • Infectious Canine Hepatitis
  • Leptospirosis

These diseases are all life-threatening to our dogs. Widespread vaccination has significantly reduced the number of cases of these diseases that we see in practice, however recent years have seen a reduction in uptake of vaccination by pet owners, which is allowing these diseases to become more prevalent again. All four diseases are frequently fatal, and Leptospirosis can spread and cause disease to humans as well. This means that it is currently even more important to protect your dog using vaccinations. 

We also advise vaccination against ‘Kennel Cough’, an upper respiratory infection which can be caused by several different bacteria and viruses. The vaccination protects against the most common and most severe strains of the disease, meaning that if a vaccinated pet is exposed to the infection, they are likely to experience a much milder illness or no illness at all. This vaccination is especially important for dogs which are regularly exposed to groups of other dogs, such as at kennels, training classes, dog shows or walking groups.

Rabies vaccination is offered for dogs which will be travelling outside of the UK and/or require a Pet Passport.

Call us now to book an appointment for your cat or dog to update their core vaccinations and take advantage of our vaccination amnesty offer available for March only.

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General Care for Puppies and Kittens

New things are always exciting, but is there anything better than bringing home a new puppy or kitten to the family? We don’t think so! But while these little bundles of fluff and cuddles seem so small and simple, there’s actually quite a lot to think about before you introduce them to your home; everything from where to actually get one, how to train them, veterinary care and insurance. It can certainly get complicated! So whether you’re a first time pet-parent, or a long-time owner, read our article below for tips on how to care for your new little friend.

Does the Stork Bring Puppies and Kittens?

Sadly, you can’t keep looking to the skies for a puppy or kitten to arrive, you must go find one yourself! Before you go get a new puppy or kitten however, it is worth doing a little research into what kind of animal you want. Dogs especially vary hugely in their size, temperament, ease of care and more, and you need to think what works best for your lifestyle. For example, if you work long hours a day, you might not be suited to a full-of-beans Labrador, or if you live in an apartment, a cat may not be so happy. We also advise not to just get a dog or cat based on trends, what’s popular, or just because they look cute – unfortunately, many of these animals are quite difficult to care for, despite what Instagram might show…

If you now have an idea of what you want, or aren’t too fussy, you can start thinking where you can get one from? There’s a lot of options out there: private breeders, charities, strays brought into vet practices, or friends who have just had a litter! Again, it is worth doing some research here – animals from organisations like Cats’ Protection will usually be well cared for and have had a health check and all necessary paperwork filled in. Registered breeders (such as those registered with the Kennel Club) too will usually be on top of this. Buying online or from a friend can be risky – there is no guarantee where the puppy or kitten came from, if it is healthy, if all its documents are legal and so on. This can be especially risky when importing a pet from abroad (not to mention more difficult to bring them into the country). We recommend starting with local kennels and catteries first, as the little puppies and kittens there would love to have a new home.

When you go to visit your prospective puppy or kitten (and always visit first – never agree to taking one without first seeing it), there are a few more things to consider: make sure it looks healthy, bright and alert. You should be wary if the animal looks ill or unthrifty. If at a breeder’s, you should also ask to see the mother, and father if possible, and check they look healthy as well. A healthy mum and dad will usually mean a healthy baby.

Preparing for the Newest Member of the Family

So you’ve chosen the most perfect puppy or kitten there is, and they’ll be home soon! What now? Well you should make sure you have everything you need first, and prepare the house. New puppies will need food (you shouldn’t take an animal that is still suckling from their mother) and food bowls, blankets and bedding, a carrier to transport them, a collar, toys and cleaning products. Cats will want the same, as well as scratching posts, a litter tray and litter and possibly somewhere to hide or climb up high.

Around the home, you won’t need to make too many preparations. Remove or cover anything obviously dangerous, but you will find most houses are relatively safe for puppies and kittens. A stairgate may be useful if you plan on keeping them upstairs, and you may also want to cover things you don’t want to be scratched or soiled. It is best to slowly introduce your new pet to the house one room at a time, so pick one to be their first home, and make it extra comfortable for them.

Teaching What’s Right and Wrong

Your little ball of cuteness is finally in their new forever home, and no doubt the whole family is super excited! Your new pet will be excited too, and probably a little nervous. Good first impressions count, so it’s important to make your pet’s first few weeks at home as comfortable as possible. Bad behaviour in later life almost always comes from poor care and training as a puppy or kitten.

As said above, introduce your pet to the house slowly. Stay with them and keep things calm. Try and avoid loud noises that could scare them. Let your pet explore at their own pace; puppies will usually be more inquisitive, while kittens may be more nervous and hide more. You may find that they have a few ‘accidents’ at first. Don’t get angry, and clean them up straight away. Kittens will usually learn to use a litter tray by themselves. Puppies can be a little more tricky – start by taking them outside regularly every 2 hours, and keep meals regular. You will work out when they need to toilet, and can time it to be outside. When they toilet outside, reward them. If they make a mistake indoors, do not punish them for it. Positive reinforcement is much better. If you’re still having trouble with toileting, or indeed any behaviour, pop into see us and ask for some advice.

Vet Visits

Once your new friend has settled in, you should probably start thinking about registering them with us for their future health care (and we hope you choose us!). As soon as you can, it is worth bringing your new puppy or kitten into see one of the vets, so we can check them over. We’ll check to make sure your pet is healthy, and free of any congenital problems. This is also a great chance to discuss training and behaviour. Once they are definitely in tip-top condition, vaccination, flea treatment and worming can be discussed. First impressions count, so we will try and make their first time at the vets as comfortable as possible, making future visits easier.

Vaccines are hugely important for young animals, as many of the nastiest diseases affect them quite severely. In puppies, we vaccinate against distemper, hepatitis, parvovirus and leptospirosis routinely, and in cats we vaccinate against cat flu and panleukopaenia. A young animal will be protected for the first few weeks of life by the antibodies in their mother’s milk, but after this, they need vaccines to boost their immune system. We usually recommend a first vaccine around 8-10 weeks old. As your kitten or puppy will not be fully protected until after their second booster a few weeks later, you should keep them indoors and away from any unvaccinated animals at this time (which is why it is crucial any other animals in the house are fully vaccinated too!).

Worming treatment should have been started by the breeder (puppies and kittens often contract worms directly from their mother either during pregnancy, or in her milk). Flea treatment should also be considered once your pet is old enough to go outside (so after their second vaccine injection). As with the diseases we vaccinate for, worms and external parasites often affect younger animals worse than older ones, so protection now is really important. There are many different products you can buy to protect your pet from these nasty critters, but some aren’t suitable for the babies, so discuss it with us the next time you visit.

Once your pet is fully vaccinated and treated for external parasites and worms, it is safe to take them outside. For dogs especially, this period of their life is crucial for socialisation, so they become a well-behaved animal – puppy classes, dog walking groups and other events with plenty of new friends to meet are perfect for outgoing little puppies.

You should also make sure your pet is microchipped by this period – in the UK, it is mandatory for all dogs to be microchipped, and we strongly recommend cats are microchipped as well. This way, should your pet ever go missing, we can help them find their way home.

Insurance and Checkups (The Boring Stuff!)

Unfortunately, having a new puppy or kitten is not all excitement and playtime. There are a few other important things you should remember as they get older. The first of these is to have regular check-ups with the vets and nurses. Your pet will still be considered juvenile and growing for the first year or so of their life, and this stage is important to become a healthy adult. By having regular check-ups, we can make sure they are developing properly, anti-parasite products are working effectively, and there are just generally no problems. As above, use this visit as an excuse to discuss any worries you may have, or just generally chat about your perfect little friend!

Finally, it is worth at this point considering insurance for your pet. Veterinary care can be expensive, and having a good insurance scheme can help make sudden costs, due to accident or disease later in life, easier to manage. Many will also offer perks as well, such as cheaper routine care or discounted products. There are many different types, so please discuss with us what might be a good scheme for you and your pet. This is, of course, entirely optional, but it can be a great weight off the shoulders to know that your pet will be able to get the best care possible, should anything unfortunate happen.

Final Thoughts

There’s a lot to think about when getting a new puppy or kitten, and we hope this article helps to make it a little less overwhelming. Just remember that we will be with you every step of the way, offering advice and care, so that your new kitten or puppy will grow up to be a happy, healthy friend for life.

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Senior Pet Checks

While it seems everyone knows the importance of having puppies and kittens checked over by the vet, not everyone is aware of just how vital it is to bring our elderly pets to the clinic, whether they seem well or not. The annual vaccination is a good time for a full nose to tail check, but older animals should usually be examined more regularly than this; at least every six months. This allows for their weight to be recorded, any concerns you may have noticed to be discussed and for any underlying issue that may be present to be detected quickly.

The Vet Visit

It is in their old age that an animal’s health will generally begin to fail and they will need veterinary assistance more so than ever. Remember, not every ailment is easy to spot and many senior pets will suffer in silence with conditions such as heart disease and arthritis going undetected. In fact, often when an animal slows down or loses weight many will wrongly assume it is all part of the normal aging process, which is rarely the case.

During the visit, the vet can check for any issues such as matted fur or overgrown claws; common ailments in the elderly patient that can be quickly and easily dealt with. The vet may also discuss changing on to a senior pet diet, which may be more appropriate for some.

A thorough veterinary examination will also identify those issues that are tricky to pick up on at home, such as a rotten tooth or abnormal lump, and the best plan of action going forward can then be agreed. While some worry that treatment may not be an option for their senior citizen because of their age, this is rarely the case. Most older pets can have diagnostic tests and surgeries performed and can undergo sedation or anaesthetic; age alone should never be a barrier to treatment.

Diagnostic Tests

It is generally a good idea to perform some basic tests every year or so when an animal is in their golden years, as not every illness can be easily detected from the outside. This can mean a general blood and urine analysis as well as perhaps a blood pressure screen. These simple tests can be performed during a routine consult and results are usually available within a day or two. Performing these checks gives us the opportunity to pick up on illnesses when they are in the early stages, allowing us to start medication or initiate lifestyle changes that can have the potential to improve a patient’s prognosis dramatically.

Below are some examples of issues we frequently diagnose during a senior pet check:

Kidney Disease

In our feline friends, one of the most common diseases we see as they age is chronic kidney disease. Those cats with kidney disease will suddenly become very thirsty and may urinate a lot more than they used to. They may seem ‘scrawnier’ than before, due to a reduced muscle mass, and will usually have a poor appetite. Kidney disease is easy to diagnose in both a blood and urine sample and it is important to run these tests as there are other illnesses, such as cancer, which can mimic kidney disease. While there is no cure, we can slow down the progression of the illness. We should offer those affected more water and change them on to a more suitable diet. Some may need medicine to control their blood pressure, while others will require treatment to reduce the protein they lose through their urine. When managed well, cats can live happily for several years with chronic kidney disease.

Arthritis

A very common diagnosis in older dogs is arthritis, especially in larger breeds and in those with pre-existing issues such as hip dysplasia. As the condition progresses slowly, it is not always obvious to an owner that there is something wrong. Many dogs will benefit from daily medication to improve their mobility and reduce their pain, and the difference we see in some animals can be really quite amazing. In cats, the condition is also common, but is hugely underdiagnosed. If your cat is struggling to climb or jump, it may well be arthritis making it painful to do so.

Growths

Lumps and bumps are common in the older animal and, while most will be benign growths such as fatty lumps (lipomas), there is always the chance that a new lump is cancerous. Lumps that grow quickly, are firmly attached to the muscle below, change or bleed are more likely to be cancerous, but the only way to know for sure what a new growth is, is to take a sample of it for analysis. Those that do turn out to be cancerous can be removed and the earlier that this is done the better.

Frequent visits to the veterinary clinic can ensure that our pets have the opportunity to age gracefully and that any illness they may develop can be detected early. So, don’t delay, book your senior citizen in today!

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Does your pet need dental care?

Dental disease is very common in pets. Periodontal disease (dental disease) is a chronic issue, and in many cases it can never be cured. Therefore, prevention and reducing the rate of deterioration is key.

Whenever your pet eats, sugars and other nutrients form a layer of plaque on the surface of the tooth, often very close to the gum line. Plaque is a white substance, which accumulates on the tooth. If it is left on the tooth for longer than around 4 days, it can calcify, as substances in the saliva causes it to harden forming tartar. This is the start of periodontal disease.

Osteoclasts (cells which break down bone) become activated in order to break this tartar down, however they also break down the bone socket holding the tooth in place. They reduce its bone density, meaning the chances of fractured teeth and loss of teeth becomes much more likely. This can be very painful!We need to work together to prevent this tartar formation in order to keep our pets healthy and happy.

Why is dental health so important?

Dental health is incredibly important because most pets only have one set of adult teeth – similar to humans. Dental health can affect the health of the rest of the body and affect the way our pets function. Bacteria growing in the mouth may be swallowed and accumulate to different areas of the body.

These bacteria can vary in characteristics meaning symptoms will vary. Some bacteria will thrive in specific organs while others will be killed. These means a wide variety of symptoms could be witnessed as secondary effects of periodontal disease, including heart problems, kidney problems, and even liver and joint disease have been reported.

Our pets’ teeth are incredibly important. They allow our pets to eat their food helping to fuel their days. The pain associated with eating may lead to reduced appetite and then even nutritional deficiencies. This may mean diet changes are needed, which can be expensive and stressful to manage.

Many pets use their teeth to grab objects when they are playing. Once playing becomes painful due to their weak teeth, it is no longer fun and so you may see a change in their behaviour and attitude. We all want our pets to be able to enjoy playing!

How would I know it was happening

Poor dental hygiene and disease lead to your pet having smelly breath. This makes them unpleasant to live and socialise with! By staying on top of dental hygiene, we can improve the smell of their breath.

As gum disease develops, pets gums will become inflamed. This is called ‘gingivitis’ and causes the gums to appear red, swollen and tender.

Many pets with poor dental health will have smelly breath. This is a common finding by owners. They may dribble a lot too. Dribbling can be a sign of excessive pain. Toothache is common alongside poor dental health however this may be harder to detect depending on your pets’ personality and breed. If your pet finds it painful having their mouth opened or is reluctant to let you do so, this suggests they are feeling pain.

As teeth become decayed, you may notice changes in colour and shape. The tooth may be loose at the gum and slightly move upon pressure. Eventually, you will notice tooth loss. The gums may be bright red and bleeding.

Should dental disease progress, sedation and a general anaesthetic is often needed. The teeth are scaled and polished with the loose or diseased teeth being removed. We want to prevent the disease from progressing this far.

How do I stop the dental disease from occurring?

Dental screening and regular examination of the oral cavity can highlight changes in the mouth.

These checks should start from a young age as some dental diseases could be congenital or occur during the development of the adult teeth. Starting as a puppy or kitten helps to teach your pet how you expect them to behave during the dental procedure, therefore, reducing the stress associated with the procedure as it happens more and more often. This practice should involve opening and closing their mouth allowing you to view all aspects of the jaw and teeth.

Additionally, you are able to learn what your pet’s mouth looks like when it is normal and healthy allowing you to see a change when damage or disease occurs. This additionally makes it easier for vets to examine their oral cavity when needed and can prevent the use of an anaesthetic helping to save money and to reduce the time of the procedure. Starting cleaning their teeth when they have only just erupted makes it a lot easier to keep them clean too rather than starting with a tooth which has much more bacteria surrounding it already. 

How can I ensure my pet has good dental hygiene?

Brushing your pet’s teeth weekly helps to keep the teeth clean. We are able to teach you how to perform this procedure. We offer sedation in order to give the teeth a thorough exam and clean in these cases.

Dental sticks and hard chews can be good as the pressure they apply to the surface of the tooth helps to dislodge any plaque formed. However, make sure they aren’t too high in calories, or so hard that they might fracture a tooth!

You should ensure your pet has a good diet. The diet depends on the species and other nutritional requirements. You can speak to any of us at the practice for further specific guidance on the nutrition needed to prevent additional plaque build-up.

We have a new special offer out for December only which will help you start your dental care routine. Click here to find out more!!

To conclude, dental care is extremely important. Prevention of dental disease is much cheaper and less stressful for our pets than the cure is.

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How to Help Your Pets Cope with Firework Season

Summer tans are fading, the nights are drawing in, and you never know whether to bring a coat out or not. Yes, autumn is here, and it’s the season of celebration! And with celebration often comes fireworks. Seemingly harmless fun, firework season can actually be very distressing for our furry friends. The loud noise and bright lights can cause a lot of stress in our pets, causing changes in behaviour, self-trauma, and even disease. But what can we do? You won’t be very popular if you try to stop fireworks altogether; so looking after your pets around firework season is more about the preparation before and care during. Here are some of our top tips for keeping your pets stress to a minimum.

Preparation

As with all things pet-related, it is never a good idea to make sudden changes. Preparing for fireworks is no exception, so we recommend starting to implement all the following tips gradually - this will reduce any stress caused by changes, and hopefully help make your pets more prepared for firework season.

First of all, any pets that live outdoors all the time, such as rabbits, should be brought inside. Preparing a cage with a nice nest in a quiet corner of the house is best for small rodents or other caged pets. For cats and dogs, bedding in a quiet secluded area is perfect for your pet to hide in if they are frightened. Cats often like to climb up high, so consider placing a nest on a tall surface. Some dogs may prefer to be alone, but others need the comfort of their best friends when they are scared; consider your own dog and where they will prefer to be during a firework display. Introduce these nests early so your pets know exactly where to go when the time comes.

On the night, it is important that all pets stay indoors, but if the worst should happen and they get outside, some pets may be too scared to come home. To make sure they can be found again, ensure all your pets are microchipped (and the details up to date) well before firework season.

One final piece of advice you should start doing now is to walk your dog earlier in the evening - though you can predict the big firework displays, people often have their own mini-displays in their gardens which can make dogs out on walks quite frightened. As firework season gets closer, try and avoid going out when it is dark enough for firework displays to take place.

On the Night

So the night has come, and there’s a big firework display later on. You may be wanting to go see it yourself, which is perfectly fine. However, you might want to consider your pets before you go. Unfortunately, even with all the preparation in the world, many pets will always be somewhat stressed by fireworks. It will therefore be down to you to decide whether your pets will manage alone, or if they would be more comforted by you staying home. If you do have to go out during a display, consider a house-sitter, or even taking your pets to a kennel or cattery far away from noises.

As mentioned earlier, it is very important to stop your pets getting outside during firework displays, where the noise and light is loudest, and there are the dangers of bonfires and the fireworks themselves. Make sure all doors, windows and cat/dogflaps are well secured.

During the display, it might be a good idea to have some recognisable noise in the house, to help drown out the sounds of fireworks, such as TV or music. However, your pet will probably show signs of stress and anxiety regardless, and their behaviour may change: they may hide or run around; some can become nervous or aggressive; they may even have an ‘accident’ on the floor. It is important not to get angry and shout, as this can make their stress worse. Stay calm and reassure your pet that everything is okay - dogs will likely appreciate this; cats may prefer to be alone and stay in their nests. Be wary if your pet is showing signs they want to be alone, as a stressed pet can lash out. Talk quietly and soothingly, and do what you can to keep their stress as low as possible until the firework display ends.

Managing Long-Term Stress

We hope that if you take some of the advice above, firework nights will be manageable for your pets, even if they are still unpleasant. The vast majority will endure through the night, but will be back to themselves by morning. However, a few nervous pets can show signs of stress long term. For these, there are other solutions, which should be considered before and after firework season.

One solution to consider may be acclimatisation therapy - this is where a pet is made to listen to increasingly loud sounds, without any negative consequences. The idea is that they learn that loud noises aren’t scary, so when fireworks go off for real, they will not be scared. It is not as simple as it may sound though, so don’t attempt to perform this without discussing it with your vet first.

There are also medications and/or natural supplements that can help soothe nervous pets - many pet shops sell plug in pheromones which are designed for relaxation and may be worth trying around firework season. For chronically nervous pets, there are a number of options available from vets that can help reduce anxiety. Again, discuss these with your vet if you are concerned for your pet.

Finally, pet behavioural therapists and psychologists are becoming a lot more common nowadays, and many work with nervous or anxious patients to try and stop them stressing. Many work through veterinary practices, so you might want to enquire at your next visit.

Final Thoughts

As fun as firework season is for us, pets can struggle. We sadly have no foolproof solution, but the advice above will go a long way to reducing your pet’s stress levels over the season. Start thinking about preparation now, as the season draws closer. Even a few simple changes can make all the difference and keep your pets much more comfy when the loud noises start.

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Other options for your pets – Specialised services

At Hampton Park Vets, we pride ourselves on offering a complete veterinary service. As well as the routine medical and surgical treatments that you’re probably well aware of, we also offer a range of more specialised services. These provide your pets with other options, so that we can choose the best for your pet as an individual, not just a follow a “standard protocol”. In this blog, we’ll explore some of these newer options!

 

Laser therapy  What is it? 

Laser therapy is a non-invasive treatment. It uses light energy of a specific frequency which allows it to penetrate different depths of the skin. The laser light penetrates the skin giving the desired effects by accelerating the production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) within the cells. ATP is what our pets’ cells use for energy. This means that the cells can operate more efficiently, healing faster than they would otherwise be able to do. 

The sessions last 3-20 minutes. No sedation is usually required although your pet may have to wear safety glasses (or “doggles”!). The treatment can be performed multiple times in a day or at particular intervals to maximise the effect. 

How can this treatment benefit your pet?

Laser therapy aims to stimulate cell repair, regenerate nerve tissue and increase the blood supply to specific areas increasing the rate of healing. This can increase the rate of recovery and improve the prognosis following injury. It can dramatically reduce pain and inflammation, and we routinely use it after surgery (e.g. after neutering).

Other conditions that we often find respond to treatment include arthritis and muscle damage, as well as some skin conditions such as inflamed ears (otitis externa).

Are there any risks associated with this treatment?

If you apply laser treatment over the top of a tumour, some studies suggest that it can accelerate the rate at which the tumour grows. Very hot lasers can cause burns - however, we use a “cold laser” that does not heat the tissues and so burns cannot occur.

When used properly, it has no known side effects, and is often much safer than medical management of pain and inflammation with painkillers.

 

Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) treatment What is it? 

Platelets are a type of blood cell that causes blood to clot at the site of a wound preventing your pet from continuing to bleed following an injury. They contain a range of growth factors and help to control the formation of new blood vessels in injured areas. 

We can produce PRP by collecting a blood sample from your pet and putting it into a centrifuge. This separates the blood into its different components allowing us to separate the platelet-rich plasma from the remainder. The treatment includes some white blood cells which help to control the immune response and communicate the level of response to pathogens needed. The processed plasma is injected directly into the joint or painful area. This often requires sedation. 

How can PRP be used on your pet?

This treatment has been shown to increase the healing rate of injured tendons and joints. The platelets, when injected into a wounded area, can help with cell migration and proliferation and create new blood supply. These all speed up the rate of healing by creating new cells in a new, less hostile environment encouraging the repair of the joint or even tendon tissue. 

It can be a great alternative to operating in older dogs as there is no anaesthetic needed. It can also be used in conjunction with conventional medications and joint supplements to improve your pet’s welfare without needing to increase the number of drugs - with potential side effects - required to keep them comfortable.

Risks associated with this therapy

As with any injection, there is the risk of transmitting an infection into the body although this risk is relatively low. The joints may swell following the injection too, but this is usually temporary.

PRP is a minimally-invasive technique, and improvements can last as long as a year after only one or two injections, meaning that the risks are very low.

 

Stem cell therapy  What is it? 

Stem cells are generic cells that have not differentiated or become specialised to have a particular function yet. To help manage specific conditions, we can adapt the expressed genetics and behaviour of these cells causing them to act a certain way performing specific roles. This means we can use stem cells to produce new tissues which can replace old, damaged or diseased ones.

How can stem cell therapy be used on your pet?

We use stem cells to help manage patients with severe arthritis. When injected, the stem cells promote the repair of damaged tissues, and some will even transform into new cartilage cells, helping to regenerate the joints. We see improvements after about 3 weeks, and the effects can last as long as 3 years.

Are there any risks associated with this treatment?

Putting any foreign material into the body can be dangerous and risks the chance of rejection by the body. However, because we use your pet’s own stem cells, rejection doesn’t happen! 

There have been one or two cases where stem cell treatments have caused tumours to form, but this is not something that seems to be an issue in dogs and cats being treated for arthritis.

  

What are the benefits of being registered with a veterinary practice that offers these services?

Many of these services require specialist machines and personnel to operate them. The machines are expensive to buy hence why not every practice has them. This means many pets are referred to us for these treatments. 

By registering with us, these brand new, gold-standard treatment options are an immediate option and can be started with no delay compared to if you had to be referred. Being registered with us means we already have access to your pets health notes and history speeding up the process. The sooner procedures are started, the better the prognosis!

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Dental Health for Pets

As people we are recommended to brush our teeth for two minutes twice a day, floss, use a fluoride toothpaste and visit our dentist regularly, to keep our pearly whites in good working order. Do you ever consider why we don’t do the same for our pets? Traditionally pets would see the vet about their teeth only if they had an obvious or serious dental problem. However, it is now recommended that pet’s, like their owners, have a regular dental routine with check-ups.

 

Gum disease is reported to be 5 times more common in dogs than humans. Cats’ dental health is no better with 85% of cats over 3 years old predicted to be suffering from dental disease. In the following article we hope to give you some top tips for keeping your pet’s teeth and mouth in tip top condition.

 

So, why is dental health so important in pets? Firstly, good dental health can help prevent dental disease that may eventually lead to tooth loss. Dental disease is caused by bacteria that start to build up and form an invisible plaque over your pet's teeth every time they eat. Once plaques are present, calculus (visible mineral formation, also known as tartar) can form. Both plaque and calculus will irritate your pet's gums and lead to the development of gum disease. Gum disease starts as mildly inflamed gums but will progressively become more painful and start to affect the teeth and surrounding bone. Eventually dental disease will result in tooth loss.

 

Dental disease can be very painful for pets. The pain may even progress to a stage where they become reluctant to eat and start to lose weight as a result. Another common side effect of dental disease is very smelly breath. The smell in some cases can be so strong it can be smelt without going near their mouth.

 

Advanced dental disease will require veterinary intervention. This will usually involve general anaesthetic to remove the affected teeth and clean the remaining teeth. Removal of teeth, especially such fragile teeth weakened from disease, can be a very tricky and time-consuming procedure. This means general anaesthetic is required for a much longer duration, increasing the costs and risks of the procedure. Removing teeth also presents a very real infection risk since the mouth is impossible to sterilise for surgery.

 

As well as surgery costs dental disease will have increased medical costs. Drugs will be required to provide pain relief as well as treating any infections. As a result, we strongly advocate prevention rather than cure if at all possible!

 

Luckily, there is plenty you can do to help your pets maintain good dental health, starting with tooth brushing. Just like us, our pets should have a regular tooth brushing regime. It is best to start them early to familiarise them with the toothbrush and toothpaste but if you introduce it slowly and carefully, any age animal can learn to tolerate - or even enjoy! - it. Our vets and nurses are happy to help if you need some advice on where to start with introducing toothbrushing. Using a finger brush can really help and these are easily available nowadays, here and at many pet shops. You should always use a toothpaste designed for pets and these come in a variety of flavours. Some pets may prefer some flavours to others so don’t be afraid to experiment and see what suits your pet best.

 

If your pet really won’t tolerate toothbrushing then there are water drops and powders for mixing into food available. Although these won’t be able to replace tooth brushing, they will be better than nothing in pets where tooth brushing is not an option. Similarly, many commercial diets are available that are specifically designed to aid in dental care.

 

Many people opt to offer dental chews to help with dental health. However, it is important to bear in mind that the purpose of these chews is to encourage chewing that promotes dental health. So, if your pet swallows the chew whole then it is unlikely to be effective. Another thing to bear in mind with dental chews is that they can be very calorific. This means that you may need to reduce the amount of food in their meals in order to weight gain if dental chews are provided regularly. Although chewing things like dental chews can be beneficial for dental health, harder objects such as rocks or pebbles should be avoided as these can lead to tooth fractures that may result in tooth loss.

 

Finally, don’t forget to get your pets teeth checked regularly by your vet. This can easily be combined with annual vaccine boosters or even more regularly as required. For many insurance companies, claims on dental treatments will require for your pet's teeth to have been checked regularly by the vet. Early stages of dental disease such as mild gum disease and calculus build up may require a routine scale and polish under general anaesthetic. It is recommended to address these early stages as soon as possible to reduce the time required under anaesthetic and prevent progression of the disease.

 

Overall, dental disease is a serious disease for our cats and dogs but with plenty of options to help control and reverse the disease process. Remember if you have any questions regarding dental health in your pet then do not hesitate to pop in and have a word with one of our vets, you could even book your pet in for their next dental check up with us at the same time.

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Have you got a plan for your pet’s health?

If you’re trying to be a responsible pet owner, there always seems to something to do! Worming, flea treatment, annual vaccinations… the list can seem endless. And, of course, keeping your pet in good health isn’t always cheap - the most effective preventative medicines are often the more expensive ones. Yes it’s worth it for your pet’s continued good health, but is there an easier, more convenient, or (even!) cheaper option?

 

What is preventative health?

We use the term “preventative health” to describe all those things we do or give to a pet to reduce the chances of them developing diseases. As the saying goes, prevention is better than cure - and it really is, plus it’s cheaper. Here at Hampton Park Vets, “preventative health” includes the following:

     Flea and tick treatment

     Prevention of roundworm, tapeworm and (for dogs) lungworm.

     Vaccination for dogs against Parvovirus, Distemper (Hardpad), Infectious Hepatitis, Leptospirosis, and Kennel Cough.

     Vaccination for cats against Cat Flu and Panleukopenia (Feline Infectious Enteritis).

     Neutering (to prevent prostate disease and testicular cancer in the boys, and breast cancer and pyometra in the girls).

 

Of course, there are other important elements of preventative health as well. For example, providing a balanced and nutritious diet, and regular checkups to make sure there aren’t any problems starting.

 

The trouble is that the cost can build up over a while...

 

Have you considered our Pet Health Club?

The Pet Health Club is a way of spreading the cost of preventative health treatments over the year. This means that instead of having to pay for things as they’re due, you have a regular, set, monthly payment that covers all the essential elements - vaccinations, flea, tick and worm parasite treatments, nail trims, and 6-monthly health check-ups. We’ll even send you convenient reminders of when to administer preventative treatments!

But that’s not all - the Club also offers you discounted neutering for puppies and kittens, and 10% off all pet food bought through the practice!

 

I have pet insurance - do I need it?

Yes - pet insurance doesn’t cover routine, preventative treatments. It’s there for accident or illness, but not for the regular things like worm or flea treatments, or vaccines. That said, many insurance policies are in fact void and will not pay out if you haven’t kept your pet’s vaccinations, flea and worm treatment up to date! So missing out these treatments and relying on pet insurance if your furry friend does develop an infectious or parasitic disease might backfire...

 

How much will it cost?

The prices are worked out based on your pet’s age and weight (their adult weight, for the puppy and kitten plans). So, there’s a Puppy or Kitten plan, an Adult Dog or Cat plan, and a Senior Dog or Cat Plan. On average, though, dog owners will save almost £114, and cat owners just under £67, every year.

You can see the full price breakdown here.

 

How do I join?

It’s really easy! Pop into any of our surgeries (Salisbury, Downton, or Ringwood) and talk to our friendly reception team. You’ll need to bring with you your bank details, but it’s just one form to be filled out, and then you’re all set!

 

Bottom line - is it worth it?

Prevention of disease is the way forward - although many infectious and parasitic diseases can now be treated, there are always some animals which don’t respond. It’s also a lot more expensive, and much, much more worrying and stressful for you and your pet. The preventative medications our vets recommend will be tailored for your pet, their life-stage and lifestyle, and will minimise the chances of illness.

You also save money compared to doing everything “a la carte” - so what’s not to like?!

 

Keeping your pet healthy is a huge responsibility - but the Pet Health Club can help make it more convenient and cheaper. It’s the savvy thing to do if you care for your pet and your wallet!

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Should We Insure Our Pets?

If your much-loved pet was to become suddenly ill or to have an accident and require urgent veterinary care would you be prepared for these unexpected veterinary fees? During this upsetting and stressful time, the last thing you want to be worrying about is how you are going to be able to pay the bill. Did you know that you can take out pet insurance for your pet to help cover veterinary fees in these situations? 

 

 

What is Pet Insurance?

 

Pet insurance is something that you can take out for your pet to provide cover for veterinary costs when your pet is unwell. There are many insurance companies that offer pet insurance and each policy offered will be different. They vary on the total amount of veterinary fees covered, whether behaviour consultations are included or even if hereditary conditions (conditions that your pet may have been born with) are covered, along with many more options. We would advise comparing different insurance plans carefully and making sure you are happy with the cover they will be providing for your pet. 

 

There are two main types of pet insurance; 12 months cover and lifelong cover. A 12 month cover policy will pay out for veterinary fees for 12 months and then after the 12 months (or when the veterinary fees limit is reached) that condition will be excluded for the rest of your pet’s life. This means that you will have to pay for any further veterinary fees for that particular condition. A policy offering lifelong cover will renew your veterinary fees limit every year and will continue to pay out for a condition or recurrent illness each year for the rest of the life of your pet. You must continue with your policy for this to happen and you will need to pay your excess every 12 months for any ongoing claims. 

 

Once you have taken out an insurance plan there will usually be a short waiting period before you can start claiming. This means that a policy needs to be taken out before your pet becomes unwell, although usually any accidents will be covered during this time. It is also worth bearing in mind that insurance companies will often exclude any of your pet’s previous injuries and illnesses, meaning that these conditions will not be covered by the insurance policy. 

 

Who can I insure? 

 

When thinking about pet insurance you are probably aware of insurance policies for dogs and cats, after all there are adverts on television that show these policies are available, but did you know that you can also take out insurance on your other pets too?

 

There are increasing numbers of insurance policies available for rabbits. Rabbits may seem like low maintenance, easy to keep pets but they are prone to certain illnesses which can require intensive veterinary treatment to treat. Over recent years the diagnostic and treatment options available for rabbits has improved greatly, which is good news for our rabbits but it does mean that there are additional veterinary costs involved. This is where insurance policies can be invaluable, as it gives you peace of mind that if your rabbit does become ill then you are able to proceed with investigations and give your rabbit the best chance of recovery. 

 

Alongside rabbits, there are also a small number of insurance policies available for rodents, exotics and birds. These pets often require referral to specialist exotic vets for treatment and the cost of this can quickly add up. 

 

What are the benefits of pet insurance?

 

If your pet was to have an unexpected accident, such as a broken leg, then pet insurance can be invaluable. Sometimes emergency veterinary treatment will be needed which can be lifesaving, though often an unexpected expense. For injuries such as a broken leg, treatment often means repeat x-rays, surgery (sometimes at an orthopaedic specialist) and follow up care. The costs of these treatments can add up and are unexpected and hard to plan for. Having pet insurance in place can give peace of mind that if an unexpected veterinary cost arose, you have appropriate cover, allowing you to concentrate on your pet’s recovery. 

 

Pet insurance can also be invaluable for long term illnesses that require repeat veterinary visits, repeat tests and long term or even lifelong medication. For example, a dog that has been diagnosed with diabetes will require lifelong insulin medication. They will also need regular blood and urine tests to check for stabilisation. These dogs are also prone to certain illnesses so may require more comprehensive tests and additional treatments from time to time. Again, a considerable cost will build up over a period of time with veterinary fees continuing monthly for the life of your pet. Unfortunately, the owners of some diabetic animals are unable to afford continued veterinary treatment, resulting in euthanasia of their pet. Pet insurance may be one way to avoid this situation as some pet insurance plans will give continued cover for life long conditions. 

 

The range of veterinary treatments available is growing and this often means a referral to a specialist for access to the latest developments in treatment. This can be an additional expense, and often your pet insurance will cover this referral. This means the most up to date diagnostic tests and treatments can be used to enable the best possible outcome and care for your pet, without the financial worry that comes with it. 

 

Why we recommend pet insurance

 

We care for every one of our patients as if they were our own and want to give every animal the best possible care and treatment available. While improved diagnostic tests and treatments are great for your pet and make a successful outcome more likely, unfortunately, this does come with increased costs. We want to be able to give the most up to date treatment for your pet and find that this is more likely to happen for insured pets. 

 

We understand that with the number of pet insurance policies available that it can be very daunting to find the ideal policy. If you have any questions then a member of our team would be happy to talk to you about different types of policy.