The word “neuter” refers to the removal of the reproductive organs of either a male or a female of a species. In males this is called castration and in females spaying. The best age to neuter either a male or female rabbit is just before or shortly after sexual maturity. Depending on the breed, this time could range from four to nine months. There is a benefit, in females, of neutering before two years of age because, after two, the incidence of uterine and mammary gland disease can increase.
WHY YOU SHOULD NEUTER YOUR RABBIT
• Prevention of Pregnancy This is the most common reason that rabbits are neutered, particularly if there are both male and female rabbits living together in a household.
• Prevention of Uterine Cancer This is the most compelling medical incentive to neuter female rabbits. In some rabbit populations the rate of uterine adenocarcinoma, which is a malignant uterine cancer, can approach 80% of the females.
• Prevention of Other Uterine Disease Cases of other uterine disease such as pyometra (infected uterus full of pus), uterine aneurism (uterus full of blood) and endometritis (inflamed uterine lining) also occur in rabbits.
• Prevention of False Pregnancies This is where the body acts as if it is pregnant but there is in-fact no pregnancy present.
• Prevention of Mammary Gland (Breast) Disease Mammary gland cancer is not common in female rabbits. It can spread rapidly and be very difficult to treat. It is usually preventable if the pet is neutered before two years of age.
• Prevention of Aggressive Behaviour Both male and female rabbits can display aggressive behaviour when they are fully in the state of sexual maturity.
• Prevention of Urine Spraying Both male and females can spray urine on vertical surfaces to make their territory. This is more common in males.
• Prevention of Testicular Disease Most commonly we see abscesses (usually the result of bite wounds from other rabbits), haematomas (blood filled areas) and cancer.
While your pet is anaesthetised for surgery, we can implant a microchip, check his teeth and ears, and clip his claws.